VOC - Glossary of Terms

“Volatile Organic Compound” or “VOC” A compound that participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions that is not excluded under item 65 of Schedule 1 to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999.

To view the " Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Concentration Limits for Automotive Refinishing Products Regulations" published by the Government of Canada click here

“Automotive refinishing” Any activity relating to the service, maintenance, repair, restoration or modification of motor vehicles or mobile equipment, or their parts, involving the application of a coating or surface cleaner.

“Mobile equipment” Any equipment, other than a motor vehicle, that is capable of being pulled on a highway.

“Motor vehicle"Any self-propelled vehicle, but does not include
(a) an aircraft as defined in subsection 3(1) of the Aeronautics Act;
(b) rolling stock as defined in section 6 of the Canada Transportation Act; or
(c) a boat, ship or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for navigation in, on, through or immediately above water.

Primer Surfacer - VOC Limit < 250 grams/liter (< 2.08 lbs/gal)A coating formulated to be applied for corrosion resistance, adhesion of subsequent coatings or to fill in surface imperfections. Adhesion promoters are not included in this category.

Primer Sealer - VOC Limit < 340 grams/liter (< 2.8 lbs/gal)A coating formulated to be applied before the application of another coating for the purpose of colour uniformity or to prevent a subsequent coating from penetrating underlying coatings.

Single-Stage Coating - VOC Limit < 420 grams/liter (< 3.5 lbs/gal)A pigmented coating formulated to be applied without a subsequent clear coat. Single-stage coatings include single-stage metallic or iridescent colour coatings.

Colour Coating - VOC Limit <420 grams/liter (< 3.5 lbs/gal)A pigmented coating formulated to be applied to a primer or an adhesion promoter that requires a subsequent clear coating. This category includes metallic or iridescent colour coatings.

Multicolour Coating - VOC Limit < 680 grams/liter (< 5.67 lbs/gal)A coating that exhibits more than one colour in the dried coat after a single application, hides surface defects and is formulated to be applied over a primer or adhesion promoter. This category includes metallic or iridescent multicolour coatings.

Clear Coating - VOC Limit < 250 grams/liter (< 2.08 lbs/gal)A coating that contains no pigments and is formulated to be applied over any other coating.

Surface Cleaner - VOC Limit < 50 grams/liter (< 0.41 lbs/gal) A product used to prepare the surface of motor vehicles or mobile equipment
by removing unwanted matter from the surface before applying a coating. It excludes products used for cleaning automotive refinishing equipment and hand-held spray bottle spot cleaners used to prepare surfaces prior to sanding.